Author: Chang Yu (1895～1966)
Time: early 1930s
Published 1. "VU" Magazine, No. 204, Paris, 1932, p179; 2. "The Complete Works of Sanyu Oil Painting", National Giant Foundation, Da Future Art Publishing House, Taipei, 2001, p56; 3. "Sanyu" , Hebei Education Press, 2007, p57; 4. "Pioneer·Decadence", Hebei Education Press, 2009, p155; 5. "World Famous Painter-Chang Yu", Hebei Education Press, 2010, p106; 6. Sanyu-Sending Black, Hidden, White, Drunk and Pink", Da Ming Lin She Gallery Art Co., Ltd., 2018, p298. Signature: Jade SANYU (top left) on the back of the work Exhibition label: The 43rd Exhibition, Sanyu, born in Sichuan (China), Chinese nationality, Marakov Town, Seine-Marne Province, 1 Jean Jacques Russo Avenue No. 3655, Gunma, 110×103 cm, 1932.
Source 1. French collectors purchased at the 43rd Independent Salon Exhibition; 2. Private collection in Asia. Exhibition of the 43rd Independent Salon Exhibition, Paris, 1932, No. 3655. Description 1. Page 291 of the 43rd Independent Salon Exhibition Catalogue, the work No. 3655 "Chevaux" is priced at 4000 francs. (Source: National Library of France); 2. Attached to the original publication of "VU" magazine, page 179 of "Gunma" work is marked with the artist's autograph "Jade Sanyu", date "3.5.1932" and seal "Sanyu" ". (Provided by the original French collector); 3. The French "VU" magazine, February 10, 1932, No. 204, page 179, Jean GALLOTTI reported this painting: ""Gunma" by Sanyu Is it the painter’s innocence, or is he exploring a certain style, or an exotic concept?" 4. Attached "<Gunma> Work Status Report", Jia Peng, 20211932, Sanyu to Dutch agent And my best friend John. The work "Chevaux" mentioned enthusiastically in JohanFranco's letter was his participation in the 43rd Independent Salon Exhibition in 1932. The National Library of France has preserved it so far. In the catalog of the Independent Salon Exhibition, on page 291, it can be clearly seen that Sanyu’s two works in the exhibition are: No. 3654 "Mountain and Water" (Paysage), priced at 8,000 francs; No. 3655, "Gunma" (Chevaux), priced at 4,000 francs. Compared with the landscape works, the animal-themed "Gunma" is obviously more loved and concerned by the French. Not only was it invited to be published by the "VU" magazine, it was eventually purchased by a French collector for 4000 francs. In 1932, France, the first Against the background of the seventeen world economic crises, 4,000 francs is not a small sum. For Sanyu, who has just gone through the bankruptcy of his family business and is alone overseas, it is even more difficult. According to available information, this is the first work of San Yu to be reported in France, and it is also the only work published by the media in the early years. It is 14 years after San Yu's work appeared in French newspapers again. In the creation of Sanyu's animal themes, "Group of Horses" is different from the vast and bleak atmosphere commonly seen in the artist's later years. It depicts the scene of seven horses playing leisurely on a bright golden field. The picture is full of interest, warm and bright. It is a rare and extraordinary work. The current collector bought and collected it from French collectors in the 1990s. It is the first time to appear today. It is so precious and sure to surprise the four! Sanyu and the "horse" naked girl, flowers and animals are the three core themes of Sanyu's creation. If "chrysanthemum" is the favorite among Sanyu's flowers, "horse" can be said to be the most favorite theme in Sanyu's animal works. Among the 84 animal-themed oil paintings known by Sanyu, there are as many as 34 paintings of horses. Among the sculptures from the 1930s and 1940s, a series of plaster paint stained " The "horse" statue is also very prominent, and the continuous artistic exploration of the theme of "horse" has spanned Sanyu's nearly 40-year creative career. Sanyu's preference for "horses" is rich in personal emotional factors. Sanyu's father is famous in his hometown of Nanchong for painting horses. The image of horses must have been deeply etched in Sanyu's childhood memories and aesthetic roots. And Sanyu to his wife Mar Su. Charlotte. Hazu Niye (Marcelle Charlotte Guyot de la Hardrouyère), also nicknamed "Ma". Xu Zhimo has always been envious of Changyu's marriage. In a letter to Liu Haisu in 1929, he wrote: "Changyu's family is especially virtuous and beautiful. The noodles made by Ma Gu are delicious, and I can't wait to stretch it out. Let's go to Paris to enjoy the good fortune with you..." "Ma Gu" is Sanyu's wife. Horses obviously have a very special meaning to Sanyu. Horses in various poses appear in his paintings, or they are quoted from others, or miss old people. In these works, there is always a delicate and rich emotional implication. Among the thirty-four works with the theme of "horses" created by San Yu, "Gun Ma", which is "outstanding", mostly depicts two horses that are dependent on each other. There are only 6 works about Gunma. This "Gunma" is the most meticulously portrayed and extremely unique work of color. Different from the artist's "Pink Period" paintings in the 1930s, which used pink and white as the main tone, Sanyu boldly used bright and beautiful orange as the main color in "Gun Ma". This tone of work is the only one in his creative career. Two, and the other is "Eight-tailed Goldfish", which just set a record for Sanyu's animal themed market last year. The fish swimming in the water and the horses playing in the wild, the two works are really the same. "Gun Ma" features seven jubilant horses as the protagonist, and there are no other actual scenes other than that. Through the construction of two colors of orange and light orange, the artist divides the space, abstractly outlines the golden fields, lakes, and sandbanks under the sunlight, and creates an extremely imaginative space through the transition of colors. It is the pursuit of geometric form and purity of color in Western modern art, and it is also caused by the unique space concept of "blank" in traditional Chinese painting. In traditional Chinese paintings and calligraphy, the horse gallops everywhere, but Sanyu's horse is free from arrogance and roams in the heavens and the earth. Three points of chic, two points of skinny, and one point of leisure are also very appropriate projections of the artist's own personality. In his early years in China, Sanyu often watched circuses, and the funny and smart horse image must be deeply rooted in Sanyu's heart. In "The Group of Horses", the horses depend on each other in pairs, forming groups of three to five, which is very interesting. The depiction of horses also continues the essence of his painting of naked women, focusing on capturing the charm of horses. The artist uses oil painting materials to implement his indiscriminate calligraphy strokes, confidently outline the horse's tail and mane, and express the sense of the horse's body with just a few strokes. In the scientific photographic analysis of the work, it can be seen that the fine brush bristles are distributed throughout the screen under side light. It can be seen that the brush hairs used by the artist are soft. It is probably the type of brush commonly used in Chinese painting, which is in line with the brush strokes and brushwork presented on the screen. Characteristics, the artist’s signature in the upper left corner also presents the characteristics of the brush used in traditional Chinese painting. Among Sanyu's works on the theme of "horses", works exceeding one meter in size are rare. In a letter written to Hou Xie on May 15, 1930, Daily Yu once mentioned that "Mr. Arnold from the Tuileries Salon invited me to paint and asked me to create some huge works..." It can be speculated that "Gun Ma" is very likely. It is Sanyu's special size creation for the 43rd Independent Salon Exhibition, which is very rare. The most detailed depiction in the picture is a spotted horse lying on its back. It is reminiscent of the horse "Nine-Flowered Qiu" of Shen Wang Li Jiao in "Five Kings Drunk Return". The horse no longer raises its hoofs and raises its mane, but lies on its back. Such a naive face makes people happy. Other horses prance, bow their heads, or bend their legs. They are vivid and full of fun. It is different from the desolation and loneliness that is common in the artist's later years. The empty and clear fields depicted in "Gun Ma" are a world of freedom, and the playful horses are more like poetic elves. The overall picture creates an infinitely charming, beautiful and dreamy mood, corresponding to San Yu's still smug in his middle age. An optimistic and open-minded mood, as a whole reveals bright spiritual images such as birth chance, beauty, and hope. San Yu began painting oil paintings in 1929, and his creation reached maturity in the 1930s. His unique artistic vocabulary left a deep impression on him. For example, the French art critic MaxJacob once praised his works as "a force of precision and purity, combined with wisdom and skill." Many of Sanyu's animal oil paintings have been permanently collected in the National Museum of History in Taiwan. Collectors are very reluctant to sell it. The circulation in the market is scarce. Among the works of Sanyu in private collections, it is extremely difficult to find similar works. Gunma has irreplaceable academic and collection value. "Gun Ma" by Sanyu, is the painter's naivety, or is he exploring a certain style, or is it an exotic concept?" Jean GALLOTTI, French "VU" magazine, February 1932 10th, Issue 204, page 179-Jean Grau "I have a small achievement. In addition to several newspaper articles introducing me, "VU" magazine also wrote to me asking for permission to publish the paintings. I think these pictures will be soon Then it will be published." —A letter from Everyday Jade to John Franco on January 26, 1932