An American artist, one of the important representatives of Abstract Expressionism and a pioneer of Color Field Painting. Barnett Newman was born in New York, and studied philosophy at the City College of New York. He began to paint as a writer, teacher, and critic in 1930s. His paintings are known for their large scale, saturated color fields, iconic "zippers" (thin vertical lines) and minimalist style. He had important influence on many artists and is a pioneer of Abstractism and Minimalism.